Homes for persons with disabilities, rehabilitation institutions for persons with disabilities, residential care homes for persons with disabilities for rehabilitation or nursing purposes and supported housing provide accommodation for people who are unable to take care of themselves or whose need cannot be satisfied any more in their own homes due to their disability. Temporary care homes for persons with disabilities are available on a temporary basis up to a maximum period of two years.
Homes for persons with disabilities are designed to accommodate persons with disabilities for whom it is only possible to provide education, training and care in an institutional setting.
Residential care homes for persons with disabilities are institutions for 8 to 12, exceptionally for 14 persons, which provide care to the persons requesting it based on their age, health and self-sufficiency. The care provided can be for rehabilitation or nursing purposes.
Rehabilitation institutions for persons with disabilities are designed to accommodate persons with disabilities for whom it is only possible to provide education, training, retraining and rehabilitative employment in institutional settings.
Temporary care homes for persons with disabilities provide care for persons with disabilities whose care cannot be provided by their families or whose temporary placement in such accommodation eases their families’ burden. Persons with disabilities may reside in temporary care homes for persons with disabilities only for one year, which can be extended once for one year.
Supported housing is a non-institutional form of care available to persons with disabilities with accommodation and social services in accordance with to their age, state of health and degree of autonomy, for the purpose to sustain and promote the independent living of the persons receiving care. The housing service may be in a house or apartment for up to 12 persons, or in case of deinstitutionalisation, up to fifty people. Social assistance besides accommodation encourages participation in social life and maintenance of independent living, while provides other services, such as catering, care, skills development, special educational assistance and transport.
Applicants must apply for care in writing or orally or, if they are under guardianship, the application must be submitted by their legal representative.
The head of the institution notifies applicants or their legal representatives of the decision taken. Refusals are notified in writing and legal remedies are available.
The admission of the person receiving care takes place after a basic examination and a complex needs assessment.
The service provider concludes an agreement with the applicant before the provision of care. The agreement stipulates:
The use of residential care homes is voluntary.
(The documents to be attached are available in Annex No 1 of Decree 9/1999 (XI. 24.) SZCSM of the Minister of Social and Family Affairs on access to social assistance including personal care.)
The cost of the provision of care must be paid for either by the person receiving care or the person responsible for that person’s maintenance. It may not exceed, in case of long-term care institutions, 80 % of the monthly income of the person receiving care , or 60 % for temporary care. Institutions may also request a one-off entry fee. The pecuniary assets and/or immovable property of the person receiving care may be taken into account for the purposes of determining the fee. The person’s immovable property may be mortgaged.
The head of an institution maintained by the state, a municipality, a church or of another non-state-funded organization.
It is possible to seek remedy from the administrative authority maintaining the institution against the negative decision of the head of the institution. In such cases, it is the administrative authority that takes a decision on the application for care. A request for a review of the decision of the administrative authority may be submitted to the court.
Special rights of persons with disabilities:
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